This book of rules of Cricket would help German business travelers to understand and appreciate the game as well as to understand India and its people by. Spielplatz und Regeln. Cricket Spielregeln – Wir spielen unsere Spiele nach MCC Laws of Cricket ( Code 4th Edition – ). Bitte werfen Sie einen Blick. Presented by Marylebone Cricket Club, the official Laws of Cricket app. This app contains: The full laws of the game of cricket. - Detailed interpretation guides.
Laws of CricketDer MCC gibt die Laws of Cricket heraus, die in 42 Regeln den Ablauf des Spieles festlegen. Spieler und Offizielle. Eine Cricketmannschaft besteht aus elf. Spielplatz und Regeln. Cricket Spielregeln – Wir spielen unsere Spiele nach MCC Laws of Cricket ( Code 4th Edition – ). Bitte werfen Sie einen Blick. How well do you know the rules of cricket?
Cricket Rules ICC Future Tours Programme (FTP) VideoThe Laws of Cricket Explained - Narrated by Stephen Fry! - Lord's How to Play Cricket. Cricket is one of the most popular games in the world, with billions of fans in the Subcontinent, the U.K., Australia, New Zealand and many other countries. Cricket has close historical ties with Australian rules football and many players have competed at top levels in both sports. In , prominent Australian cricketer Tom Wills called for the formation of a "foot-ball club" with "a code of laws" to keep cricketers fit during the off-season. The cricket rules displayed on this page here are for the traditional form of cricket which is called “Test Cricket”. However there are other formats of the game eg. 50 over matches, Twenty20 Cricket etc where the rules differ slightly. Player: Official Cricket Rules. Cricket is a game played between two teams made up of eleven players each. Basics. Cricket is a team sport for two teams of eleven players each. A formal game of cricket can last anything from an afternoon to several days. Although the game play and rules are very different, the basic concept of cricket is similar to that of baseball. Like all great world sports, cricket is a very simple game when you break it down. One player will throw a ball while another tries to hit it. However, like all sports, there are a set of rules to play by that you must learn. There is also specific terminology that can be complicated and very confusing.
Hier gibt es alle Turnierplan Em 2021 sowie ein sehr Turnierplan Em 2021 Treueprogramm. - This game is part of a tournamentSobald also eines dieser beiden Kriterien erfüllt wird, ist das Innings vorbei.
The umpires are authorised to interrupt or even abandon a match due to circumstances likely to endanger the players, such as a damp pitch or deterioration of the light.
Off the field in televised matches, there is usually a third umpire who can make decisions on certain incidents with the aid of video evidence.
The third umpire is mandatory under the playing conditions for Test and Limited Overs International matches played between two ICC full member countries.
These matches also have a match referee whose job is to ensure that play is within the Laws and the spirit of the game. The match details, including runs and dismissals, are recorded by two official scorers , one representing each team.
The scorers are directed by the hand signals of an umpire see image, right. For example, the umpire raises a forefinger to signal that the batsman is out has been dismissed ; he raises both arms above his head if the batsman has hit the ball for six runs.
The scorers are required by the Laws to record all runs scored, wickets taken and overs bowled; in practice, they also note significant amounts of additional data relating to the game.
A match's statistics are summarised on a scorecard. Prior to the popularisation of scorecards, most scoring was done by men sitting on vantage points cuttings notches on tally sticks and runs were originally called notches.
Pratt of Sevenoaks and soon came into general use. Besides observing the Laws, cricketers must respect the "Spirit of Cricket," which is the "Preamble to the Laws," first published in the code, and updated in , and now opens with this statement: .
The Preamble is a short statement that emphasises the "Positive behaviours that make cricket an exciting game that encourages leadership, friendship, and teamwork.
The major responsibility for ensuring fair play is placed firmly on the captains, but extends to all players, umpires, teachers, coaches, and parents involved.
The umpires are the sole judges of fair and unfair play. They are required under the Laws to intervene in case of dangerous or unfair play or in cases of unacceptable conduct by a player.
Previous versions of the Spirit identified actions that were deemed contrary for example, appealing knowing that the batsman is not out but all specifics are now covered in the Laws of Cricket, the relevant governing playing regulations and disciplinary codes, or left to the judgement of the umpires, captains, their clubs and governing bodies.
The terse expression of the Spirit of Cricket now avoids the diversity of cultural conventions that exist in the detail of sportsmanship — or its absence.
Women's cricket was first recorded in Surrey in It was founded as the Imperial Cricket Conference in by representatives from England, Australia and South Africa, renamed the International Cricket Conference in and took up its current name in It also appoints the umpires and referees that officiate at all sanctioned Test matches, Limited Overs Internationals and Twenty20 Internationals.
Each member nation has a national cricket board which regulates cricket matches played in its country, selects the national squad, and organises home and away tours for the national team.
The table below lists the ICC full members and their national cricket boards: . Cricket is a multi-faceted sport with multiple formats that can effectively be divided into first-class cricket , limited overs cricket and, historically, single wicket cricket.
The highest standard is Test cricket always written with a capital "T" which is in effect the international version of first-class cricket and is restricted to teams representing the twelve countries that are full members of the ICC see above.
Although the term "Test match" was not coined until much later, Test cricket is deemed to have begun with two matches between Australia and England in the —77 Australian season ; since , most Test series between England and Australia have been played for a trophy known as The Ashes.
The term "first-class", in general usage, is applied to top-level domestic cricket. Test matches are played over five days and first-class over three to four days; in all of these matches, the teams are allotted two innings each and the draw is a valid result.
Limited overs cricket is always scheduled for completion in a single day, and the teams are allotted one innings each.
There are two types: List A which normally allows fifty overs per team; and Twenty20 in which the teams have twenty overs each.
List A was introduced in England in the season as a knockout cup contested by the first-class county clubs.
In , a national league competition was established. The concept was gradually introduced to the other leading cricket countries and the first limited overs international was played in In , the first Cricket World Cup took place in England.
Twenty20 is a new variant of limited overs itself with the purpose being to complete the match within about three hours, usually in an evening session.
The first Twenty20 World Championship was held in Limited overs matches cannot be drawn, although a tie is possible and an unfinished match is a "no result".
Single wicket was popular in the 18th and 19th centuries and its matches were generally considered top-class. In this form, although each team may have from one to six players, there is only one batsman in at a time and he must face every delivery bowled while his innings lasts.
Single wicket has rarely been played since limited overs cricket began. Matches tended to have two innings per team like a full first-class one and they could end in a draw.
Cricket is played at both the international and domestic level. There is one major international championship per format, and top-level domestic competitions mirror the three main international formats.
There are now a number of T20 leagues , which have spawned a "T20 freelancer" phenomenon. Most international matches are played as parts of 'tours', when one nation travels to another for a number of weeks or months, and plays a number of matches of various sorts against the host nation.
Sometimes a perpetual trophy is awarded to the winner of the Test series, the most famous of which is The Ashes.
A league competition for Test matches played as part of normal tours, the ICC World Test Championship , had been proposed several times, and its first instance began in First-class cricket in England is played for the most part by the 18 county clubs which contest the County Championship.
The concept of a champion county has existed since the 18th century but the official competition was not established until Australia established its national first-class championship in —93 when the Sheffield Shield was introduced.
In Australia, the first-class teams represent the various states. The world's earliest known cricket match was a village cricket meeting in Kent which has been deduced from a court case recording a "cricketing" of "the Weald and the Upland" versus "the Chalk Hill" at Chevening "about thirty years since" i.
Inter-parish contests became popular in the first half of the 17th century and continued to develop through the 18th with the first local leagues being founded in the second half of the 19th.
At the grassroots level, local club cricket is essentially an amateur pastime for those involved but still usually involves teams playing in competitions at weekends or in the evening.
Schools cricket , first known in southern England in the 17th century, has a similar scenario and both are widely played in the countries where cricket is popular.
Cricket has had a broad impact on popular culture, both in the Commonwealth of Nations and elsewhere.
It has, for example, influenced the lexicon of these nations, especially the English language, with various phrases such as "that's not cricket" that's unfair , "had a good innings " lived a long life and " sticky wicket ".
It originated as a term for difficult batting conditions in cricket, caused by a damp and soft pitch. James , is often named the best book on any sport ever written.
In the visual arts, notable cricket paintings include Albert Chevallier Tayler 's Kent vs Lancashire at Canterbury and Russell Drysdale 's The Cricketers , which has been called "possibly the most famous Australian painting of the 20th century.
Cricket has close historical ties with Australian rules football and many players have competed at top levels in both sports.
The Melbourne Football Club was founded the following year, and Wills and three other members codified the first laws of the game. In England, a number of association football clubs owe their origins to cricketers who sought to play football as a means of keeping fit during the winter months.
Derby County was founded as a branch of the Derbyshire County Cricket Club in ;  Aston Villa and Everton were both founded by members of church cricket teams.
In the late 19th century, a former cricketer, English-born Henry Chadwick of Brooklyn , New York, was credited with devising the baseball box score  which he adapted from the cricket scorecard for reporting game events.
The first box score appeared in an issue of the Clipper. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Team sport played with bats and balls. This article is about the sport.
For the insect, see Cricket insect. For other uses, see Cricket disambiguation and Cricketer disambiguation. Forms of cricket. History of cricket.
History of cricket to History of cricket — Main article: History of cricket. Main article: History of cricket to Main article: Laws of Cricket. Main articles: Cricket field , Cricket pitch , Crease cricket , and Wicket.
Main articles: Innings and Result cricket. Main article: Innings. Main article: Over cricket. Main article: Cricket clothing and equipment.
Main articles: Cricket bat and Cricket ball. Two types of cricket ball , both of the same size: i A used white ball.
Red balls are used in Test cricket , first-class cricket and some other forms of cricket right. Main article: Fielding cricket. Main articles: Bowling cricket and Dismissal cricket.
Main articles: Batting cricket , Run cricket , and Extra cricket. Main articles: Captain cricket and Wicket-keeper.
Main articles: Umpire cricket , Scoring cricket , and Cricket statistics. Main article: Women's cricket. Main article: International Cricket Council.
Main article: Forms of cricket. Main article: International cricket. See also: Category:Domestic cricket competitions. Main article: List of current first-class cricket teams.
Main articles: List of domestic Twenty20 cricket competitions and T10 leagues. Main articles: Village cricket , Club cricket , and Schools cricket.
Main page: Category:Cricket culture. See also: Cricket in fiction , Cricket in film and television , and Cricket poetry. Cricket portal.
The object of cricket is to score more runs than your opponent. There are three variations of the game Test, One Day and Twenty 20 and each give a certain timescale in which the game must be completed.
To score a run you need to hit the ball with a cricket bat made from wood usually English willow or Kashmir.
Whilst one team bats the other bowls and fields. The aim is to bowl the opposing team out for as few runs as possible or restrict them to as few runs in the allocated time.
After a team has lost all their wickets or the allotted time has expired then the teams will switch roles. Each team consists of 11 players.
The original player is free to return to the game as soon as they have recovered from their injury. To apply the law and make sure the cricket rules are upheld throughout the game there are two umpires in place during games.
Umpires are responsible for making decisions and notifying the scorers of these decisions. Two umpires are in place on the playing field while there is also a third umpire off the field who is in charge of video decisions.
This is where the call is too close for the on field umpires and they refer it to the third umpire who reviews slow motion video replays to make a decision.
Fielding positions in cricket for a right-handed batsman. Test cricket is a game that spans over two innings. This means that one team needs to bowl the other team out twice and score more runs then them to win the match.
Another key difference between test cricket and other forms of cricket is the length of the innings. In test cricket there is no limit to the innings length.
The only limits in test cricket is a 5 day length. Before the game begins an official will toss a coin. Law 5: The bat.
The bat is no more than 38 inches The hand or glove holding the bat is considered part of the bat. Ever since the ComBat incident, a highly publicised marketing attempt by Dennis Lillee , who brought out an aluminium bat during an international game, the Laws have provided that the blade of the bat must be made of wood.
Law 6: The pitch. The pitch is a rectangular area of the ground 22 yards The Ground Authority selects and prepares the pitch, but once the game has started, the umpires control what happens to the pitch.
The umpires are also the arbiters of whether the pitch is fit for play, and if they deem it unfit, with the consent of both captains can change the pitch.
Professional cricket is almost always played on a grass surface. Law 7: The creases. This Law sets out the dimensions and locations of the creases.
The bowling crease, which is the line the stumps are in the middle of, is drawn at each end of the pitch so that the three stumps at that end of the pitch fall on it and consequently it is perpendicular to the imaginary line joining the centres of both middle stumps.
The popping crease, which determines whether a batsman is in his ground or not, and which is used in determining front-foot no-balls see Law 21 , is drawn at each end of the pitch in front of each of the two sets of stumps.
The popping crease must be 4 feet 1. Although it is considered to have unlimited length, the popping crease must be marked to at least 6 feet 1.
The return creases, which are the lines a bowler must be within when making a delivery, are drawn on each side of each set of the stumps, along each sides of the pitch so there are four return creases in all, one on either side of both sets of stumps.
Each return crease terminates at one end at the popping crease but the other end is considered to be unlimited in length and must be marked to a minimum of 8 feet 2.
Diagrams setting out the crease markings can be found in Appendix C. Law 8: The wickets. The wicket consists of three wooden stumps that are 28 inches The stumps are placed along the bowling crease with equal distances between each stump.
They are positioned so that the wicket is 9 inches Two wooden bails are placed on top of the stumps. The bails must not project more than 0.
There are also specified lengths for the barrel and spigots of the bail. There are different specifications for the wickets and bails for junior cricket.
The umpires may dispense with the bails if conditions are unfit i. Further details on the specifications of the wickets are contained in Appendix D to the Laws.
Law 9: Preparation and maintenance of the playing area. When a cricket ball is bowled it almost always bounces on the pitch, and the behaviour of the ball is greatly influenced by the condition of the pitch.
As a consequence, detailed rules on the management of the pitch are necessary. This Law contains the rules governing how pitches should be prepared, mown, rolled, and maintained.
Law Covering the pitch. The pitch is said to be 'covered' when the groundsmen have placed covers on it to protect it against rain or dew. The Laws stipulate that the regulations on covering the pitch shall be agreed by both captains in advance.
The decision concerning whether to cover the pitch greatly affects how the ball will react to the pitch surface, as a ball bounces differently on wet ground as compared to dry ground.
The area beyond the pitch where a bowler runs so as to deliver the ball the 'run-up' should ideally be kept dry so as to avoid injury through slipping and falling, and the Laws also require these to be covered wherever possible when there is wet weather.
Law Intervals. There are intervals during each day's play, a ten-minute interval between innings, and lunch, tea and drinks intervals.
The timing and length of the intervals must be agreed before the match begins. There are also provisions for moving the intervals and interval lengths in certain situations, most notably the provision that if nine wickets are down, the lunch and tea interval are delayed to the earlier of the fall of the next wicket and 30 minutes elapsing.
Law Start of play; cessation of play. Play after an interval commences with the umpire's call of "Play", and ceases at the end of a session with a call of "Time".
The last hour of a match must contain at least 20 overs, being extended in time so as to include 20 overs if necessary.
Law Innings. Before the game, the teams agree whether it is to be one or two innings for each side, and whether either or both innings are to be limited by time or by overs.
In practice, these decisions are likely to be laid down by Competition Regulations, rather than pre-game agreement.
In two-innings games, the sides bat alternately unless the follow-on Law 14 is enforced. An innings is closed once all batsmen are dismissed, no further batsmen are fit to play, the innings is declared or forfeited by the batting captain, or any agreed time or over limit is reached.
The captain winning the toss of a coin decides whether to bat or to bowl first. Law The follow-on. In a two innings match, if the side batting second scores substantially fewer runs than the side which batted first, then the side that batted first can require their opponents to bat again immediately.
The side that enforced the follow-on has the chance to win without batting again. For a game of five or more days, the side batting first must be at least runs ahead to enforce the follow-on; for a three- or four-day game, runs; for a two-day game, runs; for a one-day game, 75 runs.
The length of the game is determined by the number of scheduled days play left when the game actually begins. Law Declaration and forfeiture.
The batting captain can declare an innings closed at any time when the ball is dead. He may also forfeit his innings before it has started.
Law The result. The side which scores the most runs wins the match.